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关于ADA安装的那些事儿

2019-04-08

The most important part of an ADA install is that the signs are compliant with ADA guidelines, meaning the 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design, which can be reviewed at ADA.gov/2010ADAstandards_index.htm.

ADA安装中最重要的部分是标识符合ADA指南,即2010ADA无障碍设计标准,可以在ADA .gov/2010 ADAstandards_index .htm上查看。 

 

Aside from these guidelines, there are other factors sign shops need to be aware of before installing ADA signs.

除了这些指南之外,标识商铺在安装ADA标识之前还需要注意其他一些因素。 

The Price is Right

合适的价格

The all-important question in any sign project is how much to charge, and its no different on an ADA job. In fact, according to Charles Kelly, Jr., president of Clarke Systems, some of the same considerations that would apply to any sign job should factor into your quote here: sign size, thickness of materials, colors (whether theyre custom or standard), and the method of production (photopolymer, applique, 3D printing, etc.).

在任何标识项目中,最重要的问题都是收费多少,在ADA工作中也是一样。事实上,根据Clarke Systems总裁小查尔斯·凯利(Charles Kelly, Jr.)的说法,适用于任何标识工作的一些相同的考虑因素都应该在这里引用:标识的大小、材料的厚度、颜色(无论是定制的还是标准的)、以及生产方法(光聚合物、贴花、3D打印等) 

 

Other things to consider are the market conditions in your area. Shops in larger cities like New York and San Francisco canand shouldcharge more for ADA installs due to the higher cost of living,explains Jennifer Mitchell, national accounts manager, SignMojo.com.

其他要考虑的是你所在地区的市场情况。SignMojo.com的全国客户经理詹妮弗·米切尔(Jennifer Mitchell)解释说:“由于生活成本较高,纽约和旧金山等大城市的商店会对ADA的安装收取更高的费用。” 

 

In addition to market conditions, Bob Greenberger, director of Sales/Education at Nova Polymers, says to also consider the conditions of the install location, Is this a highly traveled area where people are coming and going? Is this a high-end location? Is this in the back of the house where you might want to use a cheaper process?

除了市场状况,诺瓦聚合物公司(Nova Polymers)的销售/教育主管鲍勃•格林·伯杰(Bob Greenberger)表示:还要考虑安装地点的条件,这是一个人流量很大的地区吗?这是一个高端的地方吗?这是在你可能想要使用更便宜的房子的后面?

 

Finally factor in how long it will take to install the signs and any additional site visits that may be needed. Always be sure to outline exactly how many trips are included in the install price and what additional trips will cost if the property is not ready for install.”says Mitchell.

米切尔说:“最后,还要考虑安装标识需要多长时间,以及可能需要的额外的现场访问。一定要准确列出安装价格中包含了多少次行程,以及如果物业还没有准备好安装,额外的行程将花费多少钱。”

 

Site Survey

现场调查

Conducting a site survey before any ADA install is highly recommended. In fact, its recommended before manufacturing begins,says Kelly, Jr. A pre-manufacturing site survey will avert 99 percent of errors.

凯利说:“强烈建议在安装任何ADA之前进行现场调查。事实上,建议在生产开始之前,生产前的现场调查可以避免99%的错误。”

 

He explains that during a site survey, sign shops may encounter situations that require two signs (such as at the end of a hallway) or where two signs were specified but wall space only allows for one. Doing the site survey prior to manufacturing allows you to account for the additional sign you may not have otherwise known you needed,says Kelly, Jr.

他解释说:“在现场调查中,标识商铺可能会遇到需要两个标识的情况。例如,在走廊的尽头,或者指定了两个标识,但墙壁空间只允许一个标识。在生产前做现场调查,你就可以避免那些本不需要安装的标识。”

 

A pre-manufacturing site survey also allows signs to be organized for installers, which is especially important on jobs for convention centers or medical campuses where there are a large number of signs. It allows production to box the signs accordingly, which saves the installers time and frustration from sorting the signs on the job,says Kelly, Jr. Provide an accurate floor plan and message schedule with the packaged signs for your installer.

凯利说:预制造现场调查还允许为安装人员组织标识,这对于会议中心或医学校园的工作尤其重要,因为那里有大量标识。它允许生产部门对标识进行相应的装箱,从而节省了安装人员在工作中对标识进行分类的时间和挫折。

 

Site surveys also allow for better preparation heading into the install. This will allow for them to get a better feel for the condition of the building and if there are any potentially tricky installation issues to address,says Mitchell. It gives you time to determine the best ADA-compliant mounting location for those tricky signs when youre not on site in a time crunch.

米切尔说:现场调查还能让安装团队在安装前进行更好的准备。这将使他们更好地了解建筑物的状况,以及是否有任何潜在的棘手的安装问题需要解决。它给您时间来确定最佳的符合ADA的安装位置,现场调查为那些棘手的问题提供了最佳解决方案。

Trickyissues that can crop up include a lack of sufficient space to install tactile room identification signs beside a door. Anything less than eight inches of space should be noted, as longer words like administrationor housekeepingusually require signs that are longer than eight inches to be ADA compliant,says Mitchell.ADA installation

可能会出现的棘手问题包括,没有足够的空间在门旁边安装触觉识别标识。任何少于8英寸的地方都应该注意,因为像“管理”或“客房管理”这样较长的单词通常需要大于8英寸的标识才能符合ADA的要求。

 

Door swing can also present issues, as the sign placement is dependent on multiple factors: the way the door swings (inward or outward), as well as if it includes a hold-open device. The general rule is that the sign must be placed on a wall adjacent to the side of the door with the handle/latch. However, Kelly, Jr. sees many installers make the mistake of placing the ADA sign directly on the door, which puts the reader in danger of being hit in the face with an opening door.

门的摆动也会带来问题,因为标识的放置取决于多种因素:门的摆动方式,向内或向外,以及是否包含一个其他特殊的装置。一般规则是,标识必须放置在与门把手或与门闩相邻的墙上。然而,凯利看到许多安装人员错误地将ADA标识直接放置在门上,这会使读者面临被打开的门击中脸部的危险。

 

When shops encounter challenges to an ADA-compliant install, Greenberger recommends they seek approval for any install changes and keep a paper trail. Take photographs of that area and then Photoshop three different [sign] scenarios in. Send it to the local building inspector whos going to be signing off on the Certificate of Occupancy and ask them which they want. Let them respond in an email so you have documentation,he says, recommending a temporary sign while awaiting approval versus having to install a sign twice (which can involve repairing a damaged wall).

当商店遇到与ADA兼容的安装的挑战时,格林·伯杰Green berger)建议他们寻求对任何安装更改的批准,并保留书面记录。工作人员会给那个区域拍照,然后ps三种不同的场景。把它寄给当地的建筑检查员,他将在占用证上签字,并询问他们想要哪一个。格林·伯杰说:让他们在电子邮件中回复,这样你就有了文件,建议在等待批准时使用临时标识,而不是必须安装两次标识(这可能涉及修复受损的墙壁)

 

About the Certificate of Occupancy, when preparing for an install, Mitchell recommends shops pay attention to not only ADA guidelines but building codes as well. Occasionally local and state building codes will go above and beyond ADA regulations,she says. Building inspectors and fire marshals are only required to inspect for building code violations, not for ADA compliancy, so not meeting building codes can prevent a building from receiving their Certificate of Occupancy on time.

关于入住证,当准备安装时,米切尔建议商店不仅要注意ADA指南,还要注意建筑规范。米切尔说:有时地方和州的建筑法规会超越ADA的规定。建筑检查员和消防执勤人员只需要检查是否违反了建筑法规,而不需要检查是否遵守了ADA,因此不遵守建筑法规可能会阻止建筑按时收到他们的占用证。

 

One of the last things to pay attention to on a site survey is the actual mounting surface. Note if there are any signs that will be mounted to glass, as glass backers will be required to hide the mounting adhesive,says Mitchell. If a wall is particularly rough, like stucco, an additional mounting plate may be required. You would drill the mounting plate directly into the wall, and then mount the sign to the mounting plate using tape and silicone adhesive.

在现场调查中,最后要注意的事情之一是实际安装表面。注意如果有任何痕迹将安装到玻璃上,因为玻璃的支撑材料将会用粘合剂隐藏,米切尔说:如果墙壁特别粗糙,如石灰砌成的墙,可能需要额外的安装板。您可以将安装板直接钻到墙上,然后使用胶带和硅胶将标识安装到安装板上。

 

Keep in mind what may be behind the mounting surface could also cause problems. Greenberger says, if shops suspect an issue behind the wall, to investigate further by finding an access point to see behind or, in the case of buildings currently being constructed, reviewing plans.

格林·伯杰说:“请记住,安装表面的背后可能也会导致问题。如果商店怀疑这堵墙后面有问题,要进一步调查,找到一个入口查看墙后面的情况,或者,就目前正在建设的建筑来说,审查计划。 

Tools of the Trade

行业工具

Before heading out on an install, be sure your tool bag is stocked. Kelly, Jr., says installers should have levels, pencils, cutting tools, double-faced tape, silicone, mounting jigs, carts, and a floorplan and message schedule.

凯利说:“在进行安装之前,确保您的工具包已经备齐。安装人员应该有水平仪、铅笔、刀具、双面胶带、硅胶、安装夹具、手推车以及平面图和信息表。” 

 

Both Greenberger and Mitchell second the call for a mounting jig or template, which can eliminate the need for measuring on jobs with signs that are identical in size and placement.

格林·伯杰和米切尔都呼吁安装夹具或模板,这可以消除测量的工作与相同的标识大小和位置的需要。

 

Greenberger also recommends bringing fishing line. If you need to remove a sign, you just slide fishing line behind it and go back and forth. It cuts through the glue really nicely,he says.

格林·伯杰还建议带上钓鱼线,他说:“如果你需要移除一个标识,你只需把钓鱼线滑到它后面,然后来回移动。它能很好地穿透胶水。”

 

And dont forget to pack necessary paperwork. Bring a copy of the ADA standards to reference. Kelly, Jr. also recommends taking the packet the customer signed off on in case any questions come up on site.

不要忘记收拾必要的文书工作。带上ADA标准的副本以供参考。凯利还建议带上客户签收的包,以防现场出现任何问题。

Final Factors

最后一个因素

While preparing, dont forget things that are often overlooked. For example, does your shop need security clearance or a badge to access installation areas?

在准备的时候,不要忘记那些经常被忽视的事情。例如,您的商店是否需要安全许可或徽章才能访问安装区域

 

Also be aware of the weather conditions the day of the install. If youre doing an exterior ADA install in cold weather, make sure that its not too cold for the adhesives to cure,says Mitchell. For instance, we highly recommend using silicone adhesive in addition to foam tape, but it wont cure in freezing temperatures.

米切尔说:“安装当天还要注意天气情况,如果你在寒冷的天气里进行外部ADA安装,要确保温度不会太低,粘合剂无法固化。例如,我们强烈建议在泡沫胶带之外使用硅树脂粘合剂,但它不会在冰冻温度下固化。” 


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